A CONTRARIO is a think tank devoted to research and writing on global justice issues. Since its inception in September 2012, the A CONTRARIO team seeks to inspire discourse and literature on various subjects related to international justice, in addition to fostering relationships with and engaging the international community on these issues.


PhotoJAN GUARDIAN has studied law in the European Humanities University (Vilnius, Lithuania) where he earned an LL.B in International Law (2011). In 2012 he graduated from the University of Torino/United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (Turin, Italy) cum laude with an LL.M in International Crime and Justice. Currently, he is pursuing an LL.M in International and European Law at the European Humanities University. He has worked as a translator for the Human Rights House Foundation during 2008-2011 and is currently working for the International Monetary Fund Resident Representative Office in Belarus (Minsk, Belarus) in the same field. His interests are contemporary issues of international criminal law, human rights, and the use of force and international law.

LinaLINA LAURINAVICIUTE holds an LL.M. degree in International Crime and Justice from the United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute/University of Turin (Turin, Italy), a Master degree in Law from University of Vilnius (Vilnius, Lithuania). She has national and international experience in the fields of International Humanitarian Law dissemination for armed forces, legal advisory, advocacy and international relations. She was a member of the European Legal Advisors group and the International Humanitarian Law Implementation Committee by the Ministry of National Defence of the Republic of Lithuania, as well as one of the co-organisers of the regional Baltic Summer Academy on Contemporary Issues of the International Humanitarian Law. Currently she is a Chief specialist at the National Courts Administration of the Republic of Lithuania (Vilnius, Lithuania) in the area of judicial training and international cooperation. Her interests include international criminal law, international humanitarian law, transnational organized crime and human rights.


REGINA PAULOSE obtained her J.D. from Seattle University School of Law and her LLM in International Crime and Justice from the University of Torino/UNICRI. She has been a practicing attorney since 2004. She has presented at international conferences and has published law review articles concerning the Rome Statute, Genocide,  and Transnational Organized Crime. Her publications can be found here. She was the Chair for the Steering Committee of the United Kingdom Child Sex Abuse People’s Tribunal.

Ronald_(square)RONALD ROGO holds a Master of Laws (LL.M) degree in International Crime and Justice from the University of Torino, Italy, a Master of Arts (Organizational Leadership) degree from Eastern University, USA and a Bachelor of Laws (LL.B) degree from the University of Nairobi, Kenya. He has experience representing victims of sexual violence, illegal detention, and police abuse in courts in Kenya. He has also trained hundreds of police officers and prosecutors on effective investigations and prosecutions. In addition, he has trained community workers and community members on their legal rights. He currently consults with various nongovernmental organizations in Kenya. He also lectures at Kenyatta University in Nairobi, Kenya. Ronald’s hobbies include reading (anything legible), writing, discussing international politics and watching plays.

Garima_(rectangle)GARIMA TIWARI holds an LL.M degree  in International Crime and Justice from University of Torino/United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (Turin, Italy) . She did her B.A.LL.B(Hons.) from National Law Institute University, India. Garima is enrolled as an advocate in India and is also pursuing her doctoral studies at the Faculty of Law,University of Camerino,Italy with full scholarship. Garima has been awarded the 2012 JusticeMakers Fellowship from the International Bridges to Justice for her project on protection and promotion of rights surrounding HIV/AIDS and is organising and conducting awareness and training programmes in Bhopal, India. She worked as a Senior Researcher with Lexidale-Foreign Law and Regulation Analysis. She has experience in the field of international trade law and has worked as a Law Associate (faculty) for two years at the National Judicial Academy of the Supreme Court of India. Garima has researched and coordinated various academic programmes on the training of Indian and Sri Lankan judges. She has written several articles in leading journals. Her areas of interest include: international criminal law, criminal justice administration, constitutional law and comparative law.