A CONTRARIO is a blog, founded in 2012, devoted to international crime and justice.



REGINA PAULOSE obtained her J.D. from Seattle University School of Law and her LLM in International Crime and Justice from the University of Torino/UNICRI. She has been a practicing attorney since 2004. She presents and publishes on topics related to international criminal law, transnational crimes, and responses to mass atrocities. Her publications can be found here. She has participated in different people’s tribunals and is the editor of the 2019 volume People’s Tribunals, Human Rights, and the Law: Searching for Justice (Routledge). She serves on the Executive Committee of the World Peace through Law Section of the Washington State Bar Association and was the 2019 – 2020 Co-Chair of the International Refugee Law Committee of the American Bar Association.

LinaLINA LAURINAVICIUTE holds an LL.M. degree in International Crime and Justice from the United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute/University of Turin (Turin, Italy), a Master degree in Law from University of Vilnius (Vilnius, Lithuania). She has national and international experience in the fields of International Humanitarian Law dissemination for armed forces, legal advisory, advocacy and international relations. She was a member of the European Legal Advisors group and the International Humanitarian Law Implementation Committee by the Ministry of National Defence of the Republic of Lithuania, as well as one of the co-organisers of the regional Baltic Summer Academy on Contemporary Issues of the International Humanitarian Law. Currently she is a Chief specialist at the National Courts Administration of the Republic of Lithuania (Vilnius, Lithuania) in the area of judicial training and international cooperation. Her interests include international criminal law, international humanitarian law, transnational organized crime and human rights.

Ronald_(square)RONALD ROGO holds a Master of Laws (LL.M) degree in International Crime and Justice from the University of Torino, Italy, a Master of Arts (Organizational Leadership) degree from Eastern University, USA and a Bachelor of Laws (LL.B) degree from the University of Nairobi, Kenya. He has experience representing victims of sexual violence, illegal detention, and police abuse in courts in Kenya. He has also trained hundreds of police officers and prosecutors on effective investigations and prosecutions. In addition, he has trained community workers and community members on their legal rights. He currently consults with various nongovernmental organizations in Kenya. He also lectures at Kenyatta University in Nairobi, Kenya. Ronald’s hobbies include reading (anything legible), writing, discussing international politics and watching plays.

Garima_(rectangle)GARIMA TIWARI is currently working as an Assistant Professor at the School of Law, Bennett University, India. She has a Ph.D. from the University of Camerino, Italy with a full scholarship. During her Ph.D., she spent visiting research periods at the Centre for Socio-Legal Studies, University of Oxford, UK, and Nordic Institute of Asian Studies, University of Copenhagen, Denmark. She is a graduate from National Law Institute University, Bhopal India, and has worked at the National Judicial Academy, Bhopal. She has also worked with Lexidale-International Policy Consulting, Cambridge MA. She pursued her Masters in International Crime and Justice from the University of Torino in collaboration with UNICRI, Italy.  In 2012 she was awarded the JusticeMakers Fellowship’ from International Bridges to Justice, Switzerland. She has published six law textbooks with LexisNexis, India, and has authored a course on contract law with LawSkills, Manupatra. She has several papers to her name. Her areas of interest include public international law, gender studies, international criminal law, criminal justice administration, and comparative law.

PhotoJAN GUARDIAN has studied law in the European Humanities University (Vilnius, Lithuania) where he earned an LL.B in International Law (2011). In 2012 he graduated from the University of Torino/United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (Turin, Italy) cum laude with an LL.M in International Crime and Justice. Currently, he is pursuing an LL.M in International and European Law at the European Humanities University. He has worked as a translator for the Human Rights House Foundation during 2008-2011 and is currently working for the International Monetary Fund Resident Representative Office in Belarus (Minsk, Belarus) in the same field. His interests are contemporary issues of international criminal law, human rights, and the use of force and international law.